Needle Exchange Programs



September 1993


The Public Health Impact of Needle Exchange Programs in the United States and Abroad.

The review demonstrates that needle exchange programs can provide a variety of public health services to significant numbers of injecting drug users who continue to inject drugs and who may otherwise not receive these services. Such services can be provided cost-effectively and are associated with diminutions in HIV drug (but not sex) risk behavior.


Prepared by the School of Public Health,
University of California, Berkeley
and the Institute for Health Policy Studies,
University of California, San Francisco
-- Prepared for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


“Needle Exchange Programs,” The Global Health Chronicles, accessed April 16, 2024,