Global Health Chronicles

Dr. Jonathan Kaplan

David J. Sencer CDC Museum, Global Health Chronicles
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1:15 - Background/Education

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Partial Transcript: Would you tell me about where you grew up and your early family life?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan describes his background and educational experience.

Keywords: advisor; Albuquerque Indian Hospital; biology; chemistry; college; countries; disease; F. McDowell; fellowship; health; Indian; infectious; internal; international; interview; L. Kaplan; medical; Native American; neurologist; New York City; R. Hornabrook; research; residency; school; travel; undergrad

Subjects: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; AIDS; CDC; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Cornell University; EIS; Epidemic Intelligence Services; Europe; HIV; human immunodeficiency virus; Massachusetts; New Mexico; New Zealand; Ohio; Papua New Guinea; PEPFAR; U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief; Vietnam War

7:22 - Epidemic Intelligence Service

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Partial Transcript: What was your assignment for your EIS two years?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan discusses his assignments during his years in the Epidemic Intelligence Service.

Keywords: 1981; antiretroviral; Atlanta, Georgia; azidothymidine; AZT; blood samples; clinician; dengue; diseases; drugs; epidemiology; gastroenteritis; gay; Guillain-Barré; heroes; illness; immunologist; infections; Kaposi’s sarcoma; L. Schonberger; laboratory; Los Angeles, California; lymph nodes; Lymphadenopathy; men; New York City; office; opportunistic; outbreak; papers; Pneumocystis; pneumonia; practitioner; public health; retroviruses; scientific; sex; swine flu; T. Spira; vaccine; viral; virus

Subjects: AIDS; California; CDC; EIS; Epidemic Intelligence Service; HIV; MMWR; Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

15:30 - Treatment/Guidelines

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Partial Transcript: I'm not familiar with something like this before or since. How did it work?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan talks about the pioneering guidelines and the progression of treatments for opportunistic infections.

Keywords: abnormalities; anitbiotics; Atlanta, Georgia; AZT; bacterial; Bactrim; behavioral; blood; carinii; cases; cats; CD4; CD8; chemoprophylaxis; clinical; ddC; ddl; died; doctors; domestic; drugs; encephalitis; forms; gay; guidelines; H. Jaffe; hemoglobin; ill; immunology; infections; investigator; J. Braude; jirovecii; Kaposi’s; laboratory; lymphadenopathy; men; mycobacterium avian complex; Ols; online; opportunistic; papers; partner; patients; pets; pneumocystis; pneumonia; prevention; protocol; protozoal; research; sarcoma; STD; T. Spira; TB; tests; toxoplasmosis; treatment; trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole; viruses

Subjects: AIDS; CDC; HIV; IDSA; Infectious Diseases Society of America; MMWR; Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report; National Institutes of Health; NIH; pneumococcus; U.S; VA Hospital

34:56 - MMWR/Treatments

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Partial Transcript: Can you say a little bit more about the role MMWR, the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, CDC's publication, played in doing all of this?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan recalls the importance of the MMWR communications as well as the many medicines used to treat opportunistic infections.

Keywords: antibiotic chemoprophylaxis; antiretroviral; antiretroviral therapy; ART; Atlanta, Georgia; azithromycin; Bactrim; CD4; chronic; clinic; clinical; cotrimoxazole; country; cryptococcal; Dekalb county; drugs; fluconazole; guidelines; hospital; infections; information; MAC; medical; meningitis; mycobacterium avian complex; mycobacterium avium complex; officers; opportunistic; patients; pneumococcal; Pneumocystis pneumonia; prevention; prophylaxis; public health; publication; recommendations; research; subject matter; weekly; world

Subjects: CDC; EIS; HIV Medical Association of the Infectious Disease Society of America; MMWR; NIH; VA; Veterans Administration

42:47 - PEPFAR/Global AIDS

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Partial Transcript: So just to start off, what made you decide to work on PEPFAR programs?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan describes his role and work with international PEPFAR programs.

Keywords: agencies; airport; antiretroviral therapy; care; coffin; collaboration; countries; domestic; Entebbe, Uganda; epidemic; facilities; G. Bush; H. Jaffe; hospital; infections; international; Joint Clinical Research Center; Kampala, Uganda; Kaposi’s sarcoma; laboratory; opportunistic; P. Mugyenyi; patients; people; prevention; R. Simmonds; research; resources; science-based; sexually transmitted disease; STD; TB; treatment; tuberculosis

Subjects: Africa; AIDS; CDC; DASTLR; Department of Defense; Division of AIDS, STD and TB Laboratory Research; Ethiopia; Global AIDS; Health Resources and the Services Administration; HIV; HRSA; Leadership and Investment in Fighting an Epidemic Initiative; LIFE Initiative; Mozambique; Peace Corps; PEPFAR; President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief; Uganda; United States; United States Agency for International Development; USAID

55:13 - Collaboration/Funding

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Partial Transcript: How about working with the Ministry of Health in terms of strategy development and implementation?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan explains the challenges that PEPFAR tackled working with the ministries of health.

Keywords: antiretroviral; Atlanta, Georgia; AZT; billion; care; challenge; cities; clinics; commitment; community; cotrimoxazole; country; domestically; drugs; expenses; expertise; facilities; food; G. Bush; government; guidelines; hospitals; infections; infrastructure; internationally; level; malaria; meetings; million; ministries; Ministry of Health; money; nutrition; offices; palliative; patients; people; pneumocystis pneumonia; priority; programs; protease inhibitors; public health; renovation; resources; services; social; T. Ellerbrock; Track One; two-seven-ten; Washington

Subjects: Africa; American Palliative Care Association; APCA; ART; Bactrim; CDC; Columbia University; Global AIDS; HIV Care and Treatment Program; ICAP; International AIDS Program; John Hopkins; PEPFAR; U.S; USAID; WHO; World Health Organization

71:53 - PEPFAR Implementation/Research

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Partial Transcript: What was the thinking about approaching all these patients, some in rural areas, some in--

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan talks about PEPFAR’s operational and research practices.

Keywords: : patients; antibiotic; antiretroviral; CD4; children; clinics; cotrimoxazole; countries; diseases; drug; fluconazole; funds; guidelines; implementation; initiative; malaria; OPDs; opportunistic infections; outpatient departments; person; Pneumocystis; pneumonia; population; prenatal; programs; questions; research; science; studies; TB

Subjects: AIDS; ART; Bactrim; HIV; PEPFAR; Uganda; United States

80:09 - HIV Care/Treatment

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Partial Transcript: What about fluconazole?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan discusses the different drugs used for patient care and treatment, domestically and internationally

Keywords: antigen; antiretroviral; ART; CD4; challenges; confusion; cotrimoxazole; countries; country; cryptococcal; data; death; disease; drugs; funds; fungal; headache; immunological; implement; individuals; infection; intervention; journal; meningitis; neurologic; nutrition; opportunistic infections; Palliative Care Technical Working Group; paper; people; primary; priorities; programs; prophylaxis; publication; resources; science; study; suspectable; TB; two-seven-ten

Subjects: Africa; Care and Support Technical Working Group; Care and Treatment; Care and Treatment Technical Working Group; CDC; Department of Defense; Fluconazole; HIV; Journal of AIDS Immune Deficiency Syndromes; Peace Corps; PEPFAR; United States; USAID; WHO

89:55 - Country Operations Plan

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Partial Transcript: Do you want to describe a little bit about what that process involved?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan describes his role as a reviewer of PEPFAR’s Country Operations Plans as an interagency group

Keywords: administrative; antiretroviral; budget; care; challenges; counseling; countries; country; data; dollars; funds; group; happening; interagency; laboratory; money; pages; plans; prevention; process; program; renovation; reviewing; target; technical; testing; training; treatment

Subjects: Care and Treatment Technical Working Group; COPS; Country Operations Plan; PEPFAR

94:24 - CDC Reflections

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Partial Transcript: Any closing thoughts on your part or on CDC's role in all of this?

Segment Synopsis: Kaplan reflects on his 35 plus year career at CDC, the people he has worked with and the progress PEPFAR has achieved through interagency collaborations.

Keywords: agencies; antiretroviral; Atlanta; branch; career; chief; COP; countries; drugs; experience; health; internationally; learning; listening; meetings; million; patients; people; planet; programs; public; reviews; work

Subjects: CDC; HIV; Ministry of Health; PEPFAR