Global Health Chronicles

Dr. Helene Gayle

David J. Sencer CDC Museum, Global Health Chronicles
Transcript Index
Search This Index
Go X

1:42 - Background and Medical School

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: But let's begin with your background.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle talks about her family life and her journey through medical school.

Keywords: barber; beauty supply store; Buffalo, New York; Cleveland, Ohio; D.A. Henderson; doctor; epidemiology; human behavior; lawyer; masters in public health; MPH; New York City; pediatric residency; psychology; public health; social worker; sociology; Washington D.C.; women; women’s education

Subjects: American Medical Student Association; AMSA; Baldwin Wallace College; Barnard College of Colombia University; Children’s Hospital Washington D.C; EIS; Epidemic Intelligence Service; John Hopkins University; New York; Ohio; smallpox; smallpox eradication; SNMA; Student National Medical Association; University of Pennsylvania

9:46 - Early CDC Work

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: When I was starting to think about post-residency, I said, let me apply to this EIS program, and I came to CDC.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle discusses her first assignments as an EIS officer at the CDC and how she got interested in international issues.

Keywords: African liberation struggles; drought; famine; global; international; malnutrition; nutrition; pan-Africanism; pediatrician; political disease; politics; public health; reproductive health; under-nutrition

Subjects: Africa; anti-Vietnam movement; CDC; civil rights movement; Crossroads Africa; EIS; HIV/AIDS; Peace Corps; Togo; West Africa; women’s movement

14:28 - Pediatric HIV/AIDS

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Moving forward, in 1987 you joined the Pediatric and Family Studies section in the AIDS program.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle explains how she got involved with the HIV/AIDS program at CDC and issues surrounding pediatric/adolescent HIV/AIDS.

Keywords: AZT; childhood infectious diseases; diarrheal diseases; epidemiology; hemophiliacs; heterosexual transmission; injection drug use; J. Mann; Kinshasa; M. Merson; M. Rogers; mother-to-child transmission; pediatric; pediatrician; perinatal HIV transmission; prevention programs; Ryan White; sexual transmission; Zaire; Zidovudine

Subjects: Africa; AIDS program; CDC; Child Survival Program; EIS; HIV/AIDS; IHPO; International Health Program Office; Montefiore Medical Center; Mount Sinai Medical Center; New York; Pediatric and Family Studies; pediatric HIV; PMR; Preventative Medicine Residency; Project SIDA; U.S. Agency for International Development; USAID; WHO; World Health Organization

23:02 - Minority HIV Policy Coordination

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Right around the same time and really very early in your career, you were asked to serve as Special Assistant for Minority HIV Policy Coordination.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle talks about viewing the HIV/AIDS epidemic interjectionally and finding ways to help the disadvantaged minority groups.

Keywords: African-Americans; gay men; hemophilia; Hispanic-Latino; human resources; IV drug users; minorities; public health; race

Subjects: CDC; HIV/AIDS; Minority HIV Policy Coordination

27:30 - Community Work

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Early on, you went to the communities.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle discusses working with minority community organizations to combat HIV/AIDS.

Keywords: barber and beauty shops; barbers; beauticians; church groups; churches; civic organizations; community-based organizations; drama; fraternities; gay community; health departments; local health organizations; minority communities; same-sex behavior; sororities; theater

Subjects: Association of State and Territorial Health Officials; ASTHO; CDC; Congress; Congressional Black Caucus; HIV/AIDS; NACCHO; National Association of County and City Health Officials; Public Health Service; Tuskegee experiment

36:46 - Challenges Reaching Minority Populations

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Did it work?

Segment Synopsis: Gayle discusses the challenges in trying to help these minority population

Keywords: communities of color; drug treatment programs; economic inequity; gay men of color; injection drug users; needle and syringe exchange program; public health challenges; racial inequity; sexual transmission; stigma

Subjects: HIV/AIDS

39:44 - International Activity Branch

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Very soon thereafter, you were actually moved into the position as Chief of the International Activity Branch in the recently created Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle talks about her role as Chief of the International Activity Branch and the projects managed through that along with the challenges of international projects.

Keywords: Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire; adolescent; AIDS Czarina; authorizing language; G.H.W. Bush; heterosexual transmission; injection drug use; international; J. Quayle; Kinshasa; L. Sullivan; minority; perinatal transmission; prevention research; R. Roskens; S. Thurman; vaccine research; W. Heyward; Washington

Subjects: AIDS Czar Office; CDC; Côte d’Ivoire; Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention; Executive Office; Health and Human Service; HHS; HIV-2; HIV/AIDS; International Activity Branch; PEPFAR; President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief; Project RETRO-CI; Projet SIDA; Public Health Service; Thai Research Project; Thailand; USAID; West Africa; White House Office on AIDS

50:22 - Treatment and Prevention of HIV

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Fast forwarding, but not even that forward, you became the Director of the National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention in the years 1995 to 2001.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle discusses becoming director of the newly created National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention and the challenged of HIV treatment and prevention in the early stages of antiretroviral treatments.

Keywords: antiretroviral treatment; behavioral prevention; condoms; D. Satcher; drugs; G. Noble; Haitians; hemophiliacs; heroin addicts; homosexuals; injection drug users; opportunistic infection; prevention; sex; sexuality; synergy; the four H’s; treatment; viral load; Washington

Subjects: CDC; CDC Washington; HIV/AIDS; National Center for HIV, STD, and TB Prevention; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Tuberculosis; USAID

63:07 - Support

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: You had a lot of responsibilities.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle talks about her peers at CDC who supported her throughout her work on HIV/AIDS.

Keywords: Center Director; community; D. Satcher; injection drug users; J. Curran; public health; support network; W. Foege


66:35 - Post CDC

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: You went on to do some very distinguished things after CDC.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle discusses her time after CDC working for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and CARE USA.

Keywords: agriculture; clinical medicine; drinking water; environment; federal agency; Flint, Michigan; gender inequality; global arena; global health program; global poverty; heterosexual transmission; HIV prevention; housing; library program; nutrition; poverty; public health; Seattle, Washington; sex; social determinants of health; transportation; W. Foege; women; workplace

Subjects: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; Botswana; CARE USA; CDC; HIV/AIDS; India; Reproductive Health; sexually transmitted diseases; TB

75:12 - Wrap Up

Play segment Segment link

Partial Transcript: Thanks very much.

Segment Synopsis: Gayle reflects briefly on being part of this public health changing epidemic.

Keywords: public health

Subjects: CDC; HIV/AIDS